English Language Learners
An English language learner (ELL) is a student whose primary language is not English, and whose English proficiency or lack thereof provides a barrier to successful learning.
Some ELLs may have immigrated, but a majority were born in the United States into an environment where English is not the primary language. As of fall 2017, the National Center on Education Statistics reports that 5 million public school students (10.1%) are English language learners. The most common home language of ELLs is Spanish, comprising 74.8% of ELLs (7.6% of all public school students). ELLs with disabilities make up approximately 14% of the ELL population (about 718,000 students). The most common identification for ELLs is a learning disability (LD).