In this study, the authors estimated costs of alternative route preparation to provide states a basis for allocating training funds to maximize production. Thirty-one special education alternative route program directors were interviewed and completed cost tables. Two hundred and twenty-four program graduates were also surveyed. The authors describe program characteristics, including costs; program content; and participant demographics, including employment history and future plans. Four program types are identified that vary by length, employment status, and cost, although all programs cost less than traditional preparation. Regardless of program type, participants were older than traditional college age, were likely to make more money teaching than in previous jobs, and expressed intent to remain in the field. The authors argue that paraprofessional step-up programs in particular hold great promise for special education.